1231 Woodleigh
Irving, Texas 75060
April 20, 1968

Mr. Jim Garrison
District Attorney of Orleans Parish
Criminal Courts Building
2700 Tulane Avenue
New Orleans, Louisiana

Dear Jim Garrison:

I was much moved by the two days just spent in New Orleans. I had had no personal knowledge of you and only the most fragmentary and inaccurate information on the nature of your investigation of conspiracy. I was glad to discover that there are some fundamental ways in which I agree with the importance of your pursuit of information regarding a possible conspiracy. Most basic is the conviction that if our form of society is to survive we must create checks and balances on the burgeoning clandestine wing of our government called the CIA. (Or close it down.) Your charges are so sweeping and major that it would be national folly not to pursue the issue to see where truth lies. There can be no harm in such pursuit, it seems to me, unless innocent people suffer markedly as a result of it. The harm in our not pursuing truth regarding the questions you raise could be great indeed.

I was impressed, as many must be, by the sheer force of your personality. It would seem in the nature of things that people who agree with you would gather to you, and those who disagree would simply turn away. It has occurred to me that if I can be helpful to your search it is as a person who might raise doubts about your conclusions and data from a position basically sympathetic to your objectives. You don't have many "middle-ground" people around you and are not likely to have. It is possible that this sort of "check and balance" on the probe itself would not be of interest to you, but my guess is that it would be.

If there are ways I can help I shall be glad. I was struck by your passionate concern for Man, and by the intense grief you feel over the loss of President Kennedy. I, too, feel that loss acutely. He was a most remarkable person, and extremely valuable to our country. Besides his charm and brilliance as a man he also was a president inoculated by the experience of the Bay of Pigs. He had taken the measure of the "expert advice" of generals (and the CIA) and had found it wanting. He was a man prepared to do his own thinking in a framework of the highest regard for man, for life and for civilization. For myself, I have given up wondering when the sharp sting of my grief over his loss will wane. I have concluded it never shall, and in that I found you kindred.
With highest regards,

/s/ Ruth

Mrs. Michael Paine


This letter is puzzling in may ways. People who are critical of Garrison may be a bit put off by Paine's cordiality toward the District Attorney. Shouldn't she have known better? Just what is going on here?

With the Clay Shaw trial ten months away, only a few attentive and well-informed people had much understanding of the recklessness and destructiveness of Garrison. But a close reading of the letter shows Paine to have had important reservations about his investigation. She labels his charges against the government "sweeping," and implies that innocent people might "suffer markedly" as a result of a Garrison-style "search for truth." She, quite perceptively, notes that Garrison lacked "middle ground" people who might "raise doubts" about his theories. He was, in reality, surrounded by amateur conspiracists who reinforced rather than dampened his wilder fantasies, and his own staff was too subservient to provide a reality check.

When the trial came, Paine testified for the Clay Shaw defense.

Her apparent agreement with Garrison's left-of-center politics and notions of an "out of control" military-industrial complex and dangerous national security agencies looks to be a clear break with the soft-edged 50s liberalism she showed just a few years earlier. But many liberals had moved in this direction.

Is there an element of fear here? Is she aware of how vengeful Garrison is capable of being toward witnesses who frustrate him, and afraid that harm could come to her — and perhaps indirectly to her children? The wilder conspiracists have always considered Michael and Ruth Paine suspect in an assassination conspiracy, and this was clearly the case with those influencing Garrison. Even if no one ever explicitly told her, she might well have sensed that she was, in New Orleans, not merely a witness but a suspect as well.

Her offer to be Garrison's "reality check" is particularly intriguing. Was this merely a way of placating a dangerous district attorney, or is her compulsive helpfulness showing itself? Is this simply the Ruth Paine who took Marina and June Oswald into her home, who wanted to learn Russian to promote international understanding, and who gave extremely lengthy, scrupulously detailed and precise testimony to the Warren Commission?

Was she simply so good-hearted that even Garrison got the benefit of the doubt?

This letter was graciously supplied by Patricia Lambert. Emphasis in original. The interpretation has benefitted from suggestions from Lambert and from Thomas Mallon.
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