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The Footnotes of Case Closed: 100 Instances of Misrepresentation,
Myth, and Omission by Conspiracy Theorists
W. Tracy Parnell Ó 2001
Much has been written about the
so-called "errors" in Gerald Posner's bestseller Case Closed. However,
one under-reported area seems to be the accuracy of conspiracy authors and
theorists. Could their books withstand the type of scrutiny afforded Posner? It
seems that Posner found numerous conspiracy canards while researching his book
and included many as footnotes. Here then is just a partial list of some of the
conspiracy misrepresentations pointed out by Mr. Posner. The discriminating
reader will need the revised 1994 LCS edition of the book for reference.
- He's Such a Nice Boy (p. 11) A discussion
about the fact that many conspiracy authors try to ignore evidence of
Oswald's violent tendencies.
- Denouncing Hartogs (p. 13) Critics are quick
to condemn the fact that Renatus Hartogs admittedly overreached in
describing his conclusions about Oswald's mental state to the WC and in
his book. But the critics forget to mention what his original diagnosis
- Bull's-eye (pp. 20-21) The critics try to
diminish Oswald's shooting ability.
- U-2 (p. 22) Posner disputes a common
- I Believe I Shot Myself (p. 23) The Critics
unfounded speculation about Oswald's self-inflicted gunshot wound.
- Not a Schrand of Evidence (p. 23) Posner
discusses the speculation of author Anthony Summers.
- VD (p. 26) The critic's misreading of an
innocuous entry in Oswald's military file is debunked.
- I Spy (p. 27) A brief but effective rebuttal
of Oswald's alleged intelligence ties.
- Two (or three or four) Oswalds (pp. 27-28)
Posner notes that despite the 1981 exhumation proving his identity,
critics still speculate about multiple LHO's.
- A Thornley in Big Jim's Side (pp. 30-31) A
look at how Jim Garrison and other conspiracy authors downplay the
assertions of Kerry Thornley.
- Dear Diary (p. 50) Posner debunks Groden's
claim that the Historic Diary is fake.
- 201 File (p. 52) Groden and Livingston vs.
Posner on Oswald's file.
- Shop 25 (pp. 56-57) Posner refutes more claims
of intelligence links to Oswald.
- You Can Go Home Again (p. 62) This footnote
discusses the idea that Oswald should have had a more difficult time
getting back to the US after his defection.
- 6 ½ Weeks (p. 63) Posner debunks an Anthony
Summers claim concerning Oswald's time in Moscow.
- Birth Certificate (p. 68) Posner catches Marrs
repeating an old myth.
- Mister, Can You Spare $435.71? (p. 72) Posner
vs. myths about Oswald's State Department loan.
- Halfway House (p. 73) Posner rebuts a minor
- Spas a Spy? (p. 74) Allegations about the
Traveler's Aid representative.
- Don't Confuse Me With Facts (p. 81) Posner
shows no evidence for a stark claim
- Somebody Gave Me the Wrong Paper (p. 106)
Posner puts the myth that the "Backyard Photos" show Oswald holding the
wrong issues of his leftist newspapers to bed.
- The Hole in the Plate (p. 116) A discussion of
the "license plate" issues regarding photos of the Walker house taken by
- Are You Nuts George? (p. 118) A statement made
by George DeMohrenshildt to Edward Epstein is addressed.
- What About Walker? (p. 118) Posner reports the
critic's amnesia about the Walker affair.
- Dramatic License (p. 121) A minor misstep by
Henry Hurt is debunked.
- Nightlife (p. 122) Posner delivers a reality
check concerning allegations of Oswald's late-night escapades.
- Don't Lie to Me Jimmy G (p. 123) Posner
catches one of the many fibs told by Garrison.
- Alba Nuts? (pp. 130-31) Posner uses information
from his interview with Adrian Alba to cast doubt on some of his claims.
- Overnight Passport (p. 132) A discussion of
the allegation that Oswald could not have received overnight processing of
- Camp Street or Bust (pp. 138-39) Posner shows the
type of witnesses Big Jim relied on.
- A Really Heavy Witness (pp. 139-40) The
credibility of Delphine Roberts is examined.
- Perry Russo (pp. 141-42) Garrison's star
witness is exposed.
- Ferrie Fantasies (p. 142) Two often repeated
rumors about David Ferrie are dismissed.
- Shave and a Haircut (p. 145) Problems with the
testimony of Clinton witness Edward McGehee.
- Fake Fight? (p. 152) Posner addresses the
Oswald vs. Bringuier battle.
- FBI Teletype (p. 155) Posner debunks the
allegations of William Walter.
- Cuban Hangout (p. 166) A look at the
allegations of Orest Pena.
- Just Say No to LSD (p. 167) Edward Gillin's
allegations are addressed by Posner.
- Call 1-800-Miss Cleo (p. 172) Posner discusses
the issue of foreknowledge.
- Back Door (p. 184) A discussion of how Oswald
entered the Soviet Embassy.
- A Clipping Does Not a Photo Make (p. 187) A
look at the issue of photos in Oswald's CIA file.
- Azcue Miscues (p. 189) Posner points out
reasons the Cuban consol may be mistaken in certain areas.
- Job With a View (p. 202) The allegation that
Oswald's job at the TSBD was arranged is discussed.
- A Sneaky Girl (p. 210) Posner explains why
Hosty's plate number was in Oswald's address book.
- Hot Rod Ozzie (p. 211) Posner debunks the
allegations of Albert Bogard.
- False ID (p. 213) A Discussion of the issue of
- Posner, Jim and Ollie (p. 216) The Hosty note
- Don't Change My Parade (p. 219) Posner debunks
one of the most enduring conspiracy fables.
- Simply Sylvia (p. 225) A few notions from a
conspiracy icon are put to bed.
- Bonnie Ray (p. 227) When did a critical
witness leave the sixth floor?
- Stand By Your Woman (p. 228) Posner explains
why the story of Julia Mercer has been discredited.
- My Husband is Prone to Exaggerate (p. 230)
Problems with the story of Arnold Rowland are examined.
- Selective Hearing (pp. 236-37) Posner shares
some inside info on a conspiracy gathering.
- Three Wise Men (p. 241) The critics try to
disparage the testimony of three men on the fifth floor.
- Whom Did You Tell? (pp. 247-48) Posner settles
the issue of which officer took the Brennan information.
- Jean Hill Calling (p. 249) A telling anecdote
about conspiracy favorite Jean Hill.
- The Invisible Assassin (p. 252) Posner points
out some problems with the Grassy Knoll gunman.
- The Price is Wrong (p. 253) Problems with the
assertions of Jesse Price.
- Don't Bother Me, I'm Working (p. 254) A look
at problems with the story of Lee Bowers.
- Smoke Gets in Your Eyes (p. 255) It seems
Oliver Stone had trouble finding a "smoking gun".
- Hit the Dirt (p. 256) Posner clarifies a
statement by Ralph Yarborough.
- Mr. Ed
(p. 256) Posner discusses an Ed Hoffman allegation.
- Mr. Ed the Sequel (p. 257) Posner continues
his look at Hoffman.
- Roger Mr. Craig (p. 257) Posner on the famous
- Earlene's Errors (p. 267) Statements by
Earlene Roberts are refuted.
- Shell Shock (268) Posner corrects a couple
misconceptions about key physical evidence.
- Tippit Murder (p. 272-73) In an extensive
footnote, Posner refutes the idea that Oswald could not make it to the
Tippit murder scene in time.
- A Carcano Does Not a Mauser Make (p. 270)
Posner vs. the critics on the identity of the gun.
- Domingo Benavides (p. 274) Posner corrects the
record on this important witness.
- Quality of Witnesses (p. 276) A discussion of
what type of witness is often embraced by CT's.
- Earth to Dr. Crenshaw (p. 280) Posner rebuts
the good doctor on the Oswald arrest.
- Anson Fantasy (p. 280) Posner catches Robert
Anson in a whopper.
- Invasion of the Body Snatchers (p. 297) Posner
discuses the improbability of a stolen corpse.
- Brain Drain (p. 300) Issues concerning autopsy
witness are discussed.
- Mr. Livingstone Don't Presume (p. 301-2) A
misread of the x-rays by the authors of High Treason.
- Flap About the Flap (p. 309) A discussion of
the possibility of a flap of skin being held while the back of the head
autopsy photo was made.
- Chest Wound (p. 310) Jenkins disputes another High
- Trach Talk (p. 312) Perry vs. Crenshaw on the
- Wecht in Wonderland (p. 313) Posner on Wecht's
- Back and to the Left (p. 314) A look at the
work of John Lattimer.
- Back and to the Left 2 (pp. 314-15) More of
- Failure is a Success (p. 316) Posner
completely explains the Failure Analysis Associates evidence despite
critics' claims that he has never done so.
- Willis Wailing? (321) Posner proves that Phil
Willis didn't cause his daughter's Zapruder reaction.
- His Hat in His Hand (p. 330) A look at the
issue of Connally retaining control of his Stetson.
- The Pristine Bullet (p. 335) Posner discusses
the "magic bullet".
- 399 Planted? (p. 337) Posner dismisses the
planting of the "magic bullet".
- There's a Bullet in My Femur (p. 337) Posner
and Baden look at the issue of 399 striking the femur bone.
- You Have the Right to Remain Silent, We Have the
Right Not to Tape (pp. 343-44) Posner and Bill Alexander discuss the
issue of why no record of the Oswald interrogations was made.
- The Spy Camera (p. 344) Posner shows that a
Minox camera belonged to Michael Paine instead of Oswald.
- Wax Works (349-49) The nitrate tests are
- Ruby and the Mob (p. 352) A minor point is
refuted by Ruby's brother.
- Jack Ruby Calling (p. 364) Posner debunks
false notions about Ruby's phone calls.
- Ruby Thursday (p. 366) Posner discuses the
allegations concerning Ruby in Houston on Thursday.
- The Egyptian Lounge (p. 367) Posner debunks
another Summers canard.
- Ruby and Oz (p. 368) A look at the evidence
that Oswald and Ruby were acquainted.
- Jack, You're Too Obvious (p. 369) Posner on
the speculation that Ruby worked hard to be noticed at the Dallas Morning
- Ruby Packing Heat (p. 378) Posner argues
against a mob hit by Jack.
- LBJ on the Line (p. 396) Posner casts doubt on
an LBJ-Crenshaw phone call.
- Rose Cheramie (p. 444) Posner debunks another
- Early Edition (pp. 466-67) Posner puts another one to bed: this time the
Christchurch Star story made famous by the film JFK.
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