Researching Alien Abductions
by C. Leigh Culver, Cl.H.
THE BETTY AND BARNEY HILL CASE
The use of hypnosis as a means of reexperiencing forgotten
traumatic events has a long history in psychotherapy. Hypnosis
was used in such a manner in the celebrated case of Betty and
Barney Hill. The Hills were driving through the White Mountains
of New Hampshire from Canada to their home in Portsmouth when
they sighted a UFO. Later they were apparently taken aboard the
landed craft and subjected to various tests and medical
examinations. This occurred in mid September of 1961 (Fuller
3-19). For several months after the experience the Hills were
still experiencing traumatic stress symptoms for which they
sought psychiatric help. The Hills were referred to Dr. Benjamin
Simon who used hypnosis to uncover the cause of the Hills'
anxiety symptoms. What Dr. Simon discovered would startle the
world and would provide the first glimpse into the abduction
Since the Betty and Barney Hill case, researchers across the
world have used hypnosis to help retrieve the sometimes
unaccessible memories of abduction/close encounter experiences.
This article will discuss useful methods that may be used in
researching and obtaining data concerning apparent abductions or
close encounters. The use of hypnosis as well as other research
adjuncts will be discussed. It is my hope that this article
will assist fellow researchers in their work as well as give
encountrants an idea of what to expect when looking into their
abduction/encounter experiences. This article is by no means
the definitive comment on abduction research. It is simply a
method that I have found useful from my years of experience as a
hypnotherapist and as a forensic hypnotist for the State of
Georgia. I welcome and look forward to any ideas or comments
THE NEED FOR RESEARCH
There is an earnest need for abduction/close encounter research,
as well as a need for healing and recovery by those who are
encountrants. If this phenomenon is truly what it seems to be,
then it is extremely important to obtain as much information as
possible about it. As many researchers have pointed out, this
phenomenon may very well be the most important issue facing
humanity. Should this research ultimately present another
meaning, then it is still just as important to obtain a greater
understanding of just what is going on.
More and more individuals have become aware of the possibility
of human/alien interaction since the publications of such books
as COMMUNION, MISSING TIME, INTRUDERS, SECRET LIFE, and more
recently, ABDUCTION. The various investigative television
programs have also created interest. People are becoming aware.
Many individuals are seeking qualified help in uncovering the
truth behind their mysterious experiences. One problem the
encountrant has is finding qualified help that is familiar with
the abduction phenomenon within the mental health profession.
Should an encountrant find a mental health practitioner
unfamiliar with such cases, he or she in all likelihood, will be
diagnosed as having any number of possible personality
disorders. I personally know of several cases where this has
happened with disastrous results.
If the 1992 Roper Poll is correct, one in fifty people may have
had these type experiences (Hopkins, Jacobs, Westrum 15). Based
on this information, one may assume that an increasing number of
mental health professionals will be confronted with individuals
seeking this kind of assistance. This will be especially true
for hypnotherapy practitioners. I do not believe it necessary
that the practicing hypnotherapist be a licensed psychologist or
counselor. I do feel, however, that the hypnotherapist should
be well trained and, ideally, to have completed a clinical
residency program. The hypnotherapist should have the resources
of licensed mental health practitioners and should know when to
refer cases to these individuals.
A RESEARCH MODEL
My particular research method uses data questionnaires,
cognitive interview techniques, forensic (investigative)
hypnosis techniques, dream interpretation, hypnotherapy, and
mutual help (support) groups. Every attempt is made to be
methodical and ethical with the encountrant's best interests
having priority. There must be a keen balance between
investigative needs and therapeutic needs. Many individuals
having abduction or close encounter experiences may be
traumatized in varying degrees so great care should be taken to
assist in their healing and recovery.
Many individuals coming into the office have started to question
some of their experiences, dreams, or memories, and they want to
know what is going on. Some individuals come in for other
problems, which upon searching out the cause, end up being
related to the abduction phenomenon. My approach is designed to
be as non-traumatic as possible, while at the same time,
obtaining as much accurate information as possible. My ultimate
goal is to help these individuals integrate their experiences
into their life in as positive a manner as can be expected.
When contacted by individuals who wish to explore their close
encounter experiences, I first send them a packet of information
outlining my research methods, information on what to expect
during the course of the research, and several data
Prior to the initial interview the encountrant completes several
questionnaires which include the following: (1) CE-4 (close
encounter) Questionnaire, (2) Kappas Suggestibility
Questionnaire, (3) Kappas Sexuality Questionnaire, (4)
Multimodal Life History Questionnaire, and (5) Medical
Questionnaire. These questionnaires will provide a good
starting foundation from which to work. (Note--Psychologists or
psychiatrists may wish to include various tests relevant to
The CE-4 Questionnaire has questions that relate some of the
most often experienced signs or symptoms that have thus far
proven to be strong indicators of a close encounter or
abduction. I have revised this questionnaire many times and I
will likely revise it again. I believe that many "anomalous
event" type questionnaires are too leading so I try to keep it
simple and non-leading. There are less than twenty questions
total including a few "trick" questions. The "trick" questions
are designed to find out who might be hypersuggestible in
regards to this phenomenon. There are many more indicators or
common denominators that could be added to the questionnaire;
however, as I've pointed out these questions are too leading. I
will find out the rest of the information during the course of
the research. Basically, the questionnaire is designed to
indicate whether or not an individual is a good candidate for
The Suggestibility and Sexuality Questionnaires were designed by
Dr. John G. Kappas. Dr. Kappas, a California based
hypnotherapist and Marriage and Family Therapist, is the founder
and Director of the Hypnosis Motivation Institute. He has
pioneered the concepts of emotional and physical suggestibility
and sexuality. These concepts help determine an individual's
brain dominance, suggestibility to hypnosis, and general
behavior. Knowing an individual's brain dominance as it relates
to suggestibility determines the approach that one may take in
the hypnotic induction along with the approach taken in therapy
The Multimodal Life History Questionnaire provides for a very
comprehensive picture of the encountrant's background and life
history in detail. It covers such categories as general
information, presenting problems, personal and social history,
scholastic strengths and weaknesses, current problems analysis,
behavior, relationships, biological factors, sequential life
history, and so forth. In short, this questionnaire provides a
lot of baseline information about the individual in detail. For
example, should an individual have low self-esteem or certain
types of fears, it will show up here. Some of the data will
also relate further signs and symptoms that may indicate
possible abduction or encounter experiences. These questions
being buried, so to speak, in the Multimodal Life History
Questionnaire makes them not as leading or suggestive as they
might be if they were located in the CE-4 Questionnaire.
The Medical History Questionnaire provides for a very in depth
picture of the individual's medical history. Thus far, I have
found that a very large number of encountrants seem to exhibit
immunodeficiency type symptoms, for example--Chronic Fatigue &
Lupus-like symptoms. I'm currently working with a medical
doctor to help sort this out. Such symptoms might be due to an
over exposure to strong magnetic fields, or radiation. Such
speculation, however, is beyond the scope of this article. I
will point out that many of the questions, as related in the
medical questionnaire, may indicate further signs or symptoms
relevant to possible abductions or encounters. These questions
being located in a general medical questionnaire, make them less
leading and non-suggestive than they might be should they be
located in the CE-4 Questionnaire.
THE INITIAL INTERVIEW
After obtaining the above data the initial interview takes
place. During this interview the data is reviewed and
elaborated upon. In all likelihood the encountrant has an
anomalous memory, dream, or experience that he or she wishes to
explore. These experiences are thoroughly explored consciously
using cognitive interview techniques. The cognitive interview
is a non-hypnotic memory retrieval technique that uses many
different retrieval cues and memory access routes (Culver 15).
The technique provides a very systematic method for obtaining a
great deal of conscious information.
Once as much conscious memory as possible has been retrieved,
hypnosis and suggestibility are explained in detail. The
encountrant learns what to expect while in the hypnotic state,
and any fears or misconceptions about hypnosis are subsequently
allayed. During this initial hypnotic session, I do not attempt
to explore any close encounter or abduction experiences. My
purpose is to let the individual experience hypnosis and to
prepare the individual for the next session for when the
initial regression will take place. While the encountrant is in
hypnosis I will attempt to clarify whether or not the event in
question is actually related to an apparent encounter or
abduction. I do this by asking "yes" or "no" questions and by
having the encountrant answer the questions non-verbally via
It is explained to the encountrant that a question, or a series
of questions will be asked, which will go directly to his or her
subconscious mind. From this, an answer is expected from the
subconscious mind free of any interference from the critical or
conscious mind. It is explained that the encountrant may answer
the question by raising the index finger of the right hand for a
positive response or the index finger of the left hand for a
negative response. These responses come directly through the
central nervous system from the subconscious mind and occur
without critical analysis from the conscious mind (Kappas 119).
For example, when the question is asked, "Other than what we
have already discussed about the UFO landing, did anything else
occur that you have not mentioned?," the encountrant raises
either the left or right index finger indicating the correct
It is important that the individual concentrate on the question
itself, rather than on the answer (120). All questions should
be worded so that they may be answered only by a "yes" or "no"
response (120). The question might even be raised, "Have you
ever had an experience with what you consider to be an alien
being or beings?" By using ideomotor responses, an idea whether
or not the event in question is a good starting point for the
initial regression may be determined.
Though ideomotor responses provide good information for a
possible starting point for a regression, I will ultimately let
the encountrant's subconscious mind choose the experience for
exploration. This may be accomplished through dreams. Dreams
that occur during the last third of sleep are the most important
in therapy (143). They represent information that we wish to
let go of or release. During this stage of the dreaming process
the individual may ventilate fears, traumas, and doubts about
past or present experiences.
During this initial session, it may be suggested to the
encountrant that he or she will release a memory of a
significant encounter through his or her early morning waking
dreams. In this way, the encountrant's subconscious mind has
chosen an experience that he or she is ready to release. By
letting the subconscious mind choose the experience, the
regression may be less traumatic for the individual. The way I
might suggest this to the encountrant is, "Between now and next
week when we get back together, you will find yourself much more
aware of your dreams. You will release a memory of a significant
event concerning your 'alien encounters' (or what have you).
Your subconscious mind will choose the memory that you are ready
to remember and explore. When you awaken each day you will
remember your dreams very easily and write them down, etc."
Dreams are an interesting subject and a great deal has been
written about dreams. It is not within the scope of this article
to go into depth about what is known about dreams. Suffice to
say, that most dreams may be interpreted either literally or
symbolically, and that one's conscious understanding of a dream
symbol is usually correct (142). A generalized interpretation
of dream symbols cannot possibly be correct for everyone,
because dreams deal with subconscious symbols that are unique to
each individual (142).
THE SECOND INTERVIEW
When the encountrant returns for the second interview, he or she
in all likelihood has had a dream, or perhaps several dreams,
that relate to a significant close encounter. The subconscious
mind having had a week to process the idea of venting a memory
usually does the trick. Most often, the dream information
relates back to a consciously remembered event, although, this
is not always the case. This dream information, along with any
pertinent "happenings" that have occurred since the last
interview are discussed. Cognitive interview techniques may be
used again during this part of the interview depending upon the
information that is related.
The encountrant is hypnotized and then questioned about the
dream or dreams using the same ideomotor response techniques as
before. The encountrant is asked, "Is this dream related to an
actual event that you have experienced?" Usually, I get a
positive response. Should this be the case, then the
encountrant's subconscious mind is asked for permission to
explore the memory of the event. Upon receiving permission, we
explore the event. Should a negative response be received, then
it is assumed that the encountrant was probably venting some
fears or doubts concerning ET's or UFO's in general, and that
particular event is not explored. I will then ask whether or
not he or she would like to explore another memory and go on
Even though hypnotic regression is often used for uncovering or
for reexperiencing traumatic events, I normally do not use
regression during the course of non-abduction oriented therapy.
Usually the individual has worked through many traumas and fears
from the past and it is unnecessary and even risky to uncover
these healed wounds. Generally, while in hypnosis, many
individuals will spontaneously regress back to a traumatic
situation (135). This is usually enough to alleviate or lessen
the trauma without actually regressing the individual back to a
traumatic event. If it is necessary to search out the cause of
a particular problem, dream therapy is generally used. Through
the dreaming process, one may determine the cause of a
particular problem with less trauma to the individual.
For the purposes of abduction research, however, it is necessary
to maximize the amount of available information from the
encountrant's unconscious memory. Age regression and
revivification techniques are still the best methods for doing
this, especially when there is little or no conscious memory of
the event. During the regression, past scenarios and events
will be systematically explored in a nonconfrontational and
supportive manner with the encountrant acting as a
Upon obtaining permission from the individual's subconscious
mind to explore a particular event, the hypnotic state is
deepened and he or she is tested for hypnotic depth. This being
accomplished, the encountrant is given an escape route out of
hypnosis. It is suggested that the encountrant may come out of
hypnosis at any time simply by opening his or her eyes and
saying "I'm out." Sometimes the encountrant may have a fear of
loss of control, or the regression may touch on traumatic events
that the he or she doesn't wish to reexperience. Providing this
escape mechanism gives the encountrant the feeling of being more
in control during the regression experience and provides a quick
exit out of hypnosis should the need arise.
Once the encountrant is at an optimal depth of hypnosis, many
different memory retrieval techniques may be used. One such
technique utilizes the concept of the individual viewing the
event in question on an imaginary television or movie screen. It
is explained to the individual that he or she is going to view a
film depicting information related to the event in question.
This film may be forwarded, reversed, speeded up, slowed down,
or stopped. It is suggested that the place where the individual
is viewing the film is safe and that his or her emotional state
shall remain calm and detached from anything seen or
experienced. The encountrant will be observing this film like a
reporter or detective, who is covering an event for a report
that will later be written up (Reiser 158). Such techniques,
however, may be considered controversial due to the way that
human memory actually works (Orne, Dinges, Orne 3).
There are many such techniques that use similar convenient
frames of reference from which to operate and a hypnotherapist
may or may not choose to use them. An individual may simply be
taken back to the target age/experience and given the same
suggestions regarding calmness and detachment. Once this is
done the person may see himself or herself as a second party,
feel that the experience is being relived again, or simply
remember the event (Kappas 134). Usually it is suggested that
the individual relate the whole experience from beginning to end
as freely and completely as possible. It is desirable to have
the person give a complete uninterrupted narrative of the event
before proceeding with any questioning for specifics.
It is important that the hypnotherapist be neutral, objective,
and interested in the truth, whatever it may be, without
compromising the emotional needs of the encountrant. It should
be remembered that the line of questioning is a part of an
"interviewing" process rather than an "interrogation" process.
Questioning should avoid undue suggestion, coercion, or leading
of the individual in any way. Open ended questions should be
used, avoiding any references to specific things not previously
mentioned by the encountrant. When the encountrant identifies
specific details, questioning can then be more specific (Orne,
Dinges, Orne 5). Questions should be carefully framed to avoid
any bias. One should also be aware of the time lag for the
individual's response in hypnosis. It is important not to rush
in another question before allowing a response to a previous one
(Reiser 82). It is a good idea to be aware of the encountrant's
language capabilities and communicate at that level in a
nontechnical and professional manner.
CONFABULATION, LIES AND MISDIRECTION
Can an individual lie under hypnosis? Do some individuals wish
to please the hypnotherapist by telling him or her what the
individual thinks the hypnotherapist wants to hear? The answer
is "yes." Confabulation is the filling of memory gaps with
imagined or distorted information (Reiser 232). Can a
hypnotherapist tell when this is occurring? Most of the time.
Abduction research being more "interview" oriented rather than
"interrogation" oriented, does provide more opportunity for lies
or confabulation to occur. Hypnotic testimony doesn't
automatically relate the truth anymore than cognitive testimony.
Hypnotic testimony, however, does provide one good avenue for
obtaining information that is often unavailable by any other
means. The researcher must look at the overall picture along
with any corroborative evidence.
So what are some things that the hypnotherapist can do to help
determine hypnotic testimonial veracity? One technique is to
have the encountrant recall the events in a different order.
Explain to the encountrant that it is natural for one to go
through an incident from beginning to end; however, you would
like him or her to start at the end and then go back to the
beginning. Lies are created and are in a logical order. Having
the encountrant start at various stages and working backwards
confuses this order (Culver 17). This technique will also
enhance memory recall.
The hypnotherapist may occasionally attempt to lead or misdirect
the encountrant to see if he/she is hypersuggestible or desirous
to please the hypnotherapist. There are many techniques for
attempting to lead an individual during hypnosis. Some of these
techniques use quick leads, assumptions, logic, biased opinions,
and missing options (Behavioral Sciences Unit 212).
A quick lead uses statements that are very quick or abrupt that
the therapist assumes the encountrant will relate next (212).
For example, the encountrant might say, "I'm standing under the
spaceship and there is a light coming down. It is all around
me." The therapist might say, "The light is a bright red color
right?" Then the encountrant says, "No. The light is yellowish
white in color."
One assumption technique uses a double bind. That is, the first
half of the question forms a false assumption which leads to
several other false assumptions (212). Should the individual not
go for the first assumption, you might get him or her on one of
the others. For example, the therapist asks, "When the alien
opens his mouth to speak, do you hear a low pitched voice or a
high pitched voice?" The encountrant says, "He doesn't open his
mouth to speak. He communicates with me mentally."
When using logical leads, it is assumed that a logical or
rational response will be related by the encountrant upon being
questioned about a given situation (212). For example, the
encountrant might relate, "When I looked up at the spaceship, a
light came down and engulfed me. I was scared to death." The
therapist might say, "So you ran away?" The encountrant says,
"No. I couldn't run. I was paralyzed. I couldn't move."
The therapist may offer a biased or strong opinion to a
statement made by the encountrant to see if he/she will attempt
to please the therapist with the appropriate response (213). The
encountrant says, "I'm lying on a table and this being keeps
sticking me with this probe-like thing." The therapist
responds, "I would just go ahead and punch him in the face. I
bet that is what you did?" The encountrant says, "No, I can't
When using the missing option technique several options are
provided, but never the correct option (213). For the
encountrant to answer the question, he/she must provide the
missing option. The therapist says, "When you looked at the
being's head, did you notice the being having big pointed ears,
big round ears, or human-like ears?" The encountrant says, "He
didn't really have ears like that . . . he seemed to have only
small holes for ears."
The above techniques are but a few of the many methods that may
be used in attempting to lead or redirect an individual. My
personal experience is that I haven't been able to lead or
redirect any encountrant that I've worked with. Also, I haven't
found any "abductee want-to-be's" contrary to some skeptics'
opinions. This is a group of which no one really wants to be a
Abduction research involves considerable closeness and
psychological intimacy. Physical closeness may be an issue,
especially where emotional or psychological trauma is involved.
The typical American has a two-foot bubble (about arms length)
of privacy around him or her (Reiser 84). A reassuring pat on
the shoulder might be appropriate for one individual but not for
another. Dr. Kappas found in his research concerning brain
dominance and behavior, that left-brain dominant people tend to
guard their space more than right-brain dominant people (Kappas
18). Crossed arms, clenched fists, restlessness, and
exaggerated movement all provide clues to the encountrant's
emotional state. Paying attention to these clues will provide
much information and increase hypnotherapist/encountrant rapport.
For the majority of individuals an abduction encounter is very
traumatic. The core experiences of psychological trauma are
disempowerment and disconnection from others. In the book,
TRAUMA AND RECOVERY, Dr. Judith Herman states the following:
"Traumatized people feel utterly abandoned, utterly alone, cast
out of the human and divine systems of care and protection that
sustain life. Thereafter, a sense of alienation, of
disconnection, pervades every relationship, from the most
intimate familial bonds to the most abstract affiliations of
community and religion" (52).
It is difficult enough for an individual to come to terms with a
traumatic experience such as rape, but imagine the additional
trauma of a similar experience at the hand of "alien" beings. A
rape victim, for example, has difficulty enough, in relating the
experience to her family or friends, but who does she speak to
about her abduction experience?
Individuals who have experienced close encounters or abductions
tend to experience long term post traumatic stress symptoms.
These individuals may exhibit confusion, loss of memory, various
fears, helplessness, hypervigilance, increased startle response,
anger, feelings of abandonment, along with various physical
ailments, just to name a few (American Psychiatric Association
During the regression, the encountrant should be allowed to
ventilate any fears, anxieties or troubled feelings. In fact,
the mere telling or recounting of the story by the encountrant
is therapeutic. The therapeutic goal in recounting a traumatic
story is integration (Herman 181). Traumatic testimony once
told becomes a transformed story which is "no longer about shame
and humiliation" but rather "about dignity and virtue" (Mollica
in Herman 181).
The hypnotherapist should be prepared to intervene
therapeutically as needed with the encountrant's emotional and
psychological needs taking precedence over investigative needs.
Therapeutic techniques should be utilized to assist in
integrating the close encounter/abduction experiences into the
individual's life as positively as may be expected.
One useful technique is to provide the encountrant with the
opportunity, while in hypnosis, to imagine standing in front of
one of the entities just previously described during the
regression. It is then suggested that the encountrant imagine
speaking to this entity and relating any positive or negative
feelings or thoughts that the encountrant has concerning his or
her encounter experiences. Such techniques provide for a very
positive method for the individual to ventilate emotional
trauma, and provide the sometimes first steps back to the road
to self-empowerment. This is just one of the many techniques
used in conventional therapy that is adaptable to abduction
The primary difficulty encountered concerning the therapeutic
process, is that obtaining closure and full resolution of
abduction/close encounter trauma is unlikely. A therapist may
obtain closure on a past trauma, with an individual who has
experienced, say, a rape, or catastrophic event. In all
likelihood the event occurred only once in the individual's life
and it is in the past. With therapy, the individual can move
on and make progress with his or her life knowing that the event
is in the past. For the encountrant, however, research
demonstrates that abductions/encounters are an on going process.
The encounters have occurred in the past, are occurring
presently, and will occur again in the future. In my opinion,
this one element separates encountrants from any other trauma
Many encountrants that I have dealt with seem to have
difficulties arising from self-esteem and trust issues. My
therapy centers primarily around these two aspects. It is
beyond the scope of this article, however, to go into the
therapeutic process in detail.
Upon completion of the hypnotic session a debriefing period
follows. This "talk down" period helps clarify certain
information and assists the encountrant in recalling any other
pertinent data. This period is also very useful for the
individual's further ventilating of any feelings or emotions
associated with the remembered close encounter experience. It
should be noted that individuals are still very suggestible just
after a hypnotic session, so conversation should continue to be
very supportive and non biased.
During the course of the research, I pretty much stick to the
routine of cognitive interview, regression and debriefing.
Should the individual be in a state of active crisis due to his
or her realizations or experiences, then those sessions will
deal only with therapy and regressions are not attempted.
MUTUAL HELP GROUPS
As stated before, the core experiences of emotional trauma are
disempowerment and disconnection from others. One of the best
ways of dealing with this is through the use of a mutual help
(support) group. A mutual help group provides an excellent means
for reconnecting with others. Traumatic survivors tend to feel
very alienated from the rest of society. Encountrants feel this
separateness in a much more amplified way. This coming together
with one's own peers is one of the most important steps to
reconnecting with humanity and a sense of normalcy.
When we first started our mutual help group, the first meeting
centered around a pot luck dinner. Having food around provided
for a rather festive mood and "broke the ice" rather well. Our
meetings tend to be informal and more like a family gathering.
Although it is difficult at times, we try to shy away from the
never ending speculation concerning the ultimate meaning of
these alien encounters. We focus, rather, on strategies for
The size of our group is about 35 people with about 15 to 20
members showing up for any given meeting. We meet irregularly
but try to meet about every three weeks. Of course, there are
certain individuals who wouldn't think of missing a meeting and
are always present.
It is a good idea to have a therapist present, but this
individual should play a passive role, unless of course, the
therapist is an encountrant. The idea is mutual self help
rather than group therapy. Mutual self help focuses on
experiential rather than professional knowledge (Silverman 21).
Experiential knowledge is the result of the direct experience
and personal characteristics of the helper, and mutuality and
reciprocity are the key elements in the helping process (21).
Researchers should be kept to a minimum at mutual help groups so
that encountrants may feel that they may speak freely. If
present, researchers should take a passive role similar to
therapists. Researchers, however, can sometimes offer valuable
insight regarding the abduction/close encounter experience.
Bringing a new encountrant to the group who hasn't explored many
of his or her encounters may result in contamination. This
contamination may "muddy the waters" so to speak from the
researcher's view point, as well as the encountrant's view
point. The researcher wants pertinent and accurate data that is
not influenced by the testimony of others. If the encountrant
is to integrate these experiences into his or her own life, then
it is important to know that any memories recalled or uncovered
by hypnotic regression are his or her own actual experiences.
As stated before this recounting of the experience is important
in the therapeutic process and is the first step toward
CHILDREN AND ABDUCTIONS
As a rule, I do not recommend the of use hypnotic regression
when working with young children. Even with therapeutic
intervention, adults have enough difficulty integrating their
abduction/encounter experiences into their daily lives. One can
imagine the difficulty that a child who is still in the
developmental stages of life, and who has less developed coping
skills, might have with some aspects of this phenomenon. Should
a child have conscious memory of an abduction/encounter
experience, the memory is best dealt with consciously without
attempting hypnotic revivication or enhancement.
Children who are encountrants often find that their encounters
change at puberty. As young adults the encounters most often
focus on procreation, this happening at a time when the
adolescent is attempting to discover a sense of personal
identity and self. Young adults have a host of issues all their
own, and the use of hypnosis greatly depends upon the
individual's level of maturity and family support. Parental
consent should, of course, be obtained prior to any hypnotic
THERAPY FOR THERAPISTS
Those of us who do trauma counseling and critical incident
stress debriefing, know that after debriefing perhaps thirty or
forty individuals involved in a catastrophic event, it is a good
idea for the debriefer to get debriefed. When a therapist
shares in the traumatic experience with others either through
doing a debriefing or therapy, it may be difficult not to be
affected emotionally by the testimony thereby related. The old
axiom of "physician heal thyself" is a good rule. The therapist
occasionally being debriefed, or under going therapy, is
probably good preventative medicine.
For me, researching this phenomena has been a challenge in many
ways. Even though I have always been an individual with an
extremely open mind in regards to the workings of the
universe(s), researching this phenomena has broadened my view of
"our agreed upon reality" even more so. I submit that no matter
what one has studied, learned, or experienced in life, the study
of these phenomena will stretch one's boundaries a little bit
further. Personally, I'm on a quest for truth. Whether this
phenomenon proves to be evidence for a collective unconscious,
or for an unfathomable "alien" interaction with humanity, let
the evidence speak for itself.
American Psychiatric Association, 1994. DIAGNOSTIC AND
STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS, Fourth Edition,
Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.
Culver, C. Leigh, 1994. "The Cognitive Interview: A
Non-hypnosis Memory Retrieval Technique for the UFO Researcher,"
UFO ENCOUNTERS, Vol. 2, No. 1., Norcross: Aztec Publishing.
Fuller, John G., 1966. THE INTERRUPTED JOURNEY, New York: The
Behavioral Sciences Unit, 1991. HYPNOTIC TECHNIQUES FOR PUBLIC
SAFETY PERSONNEL, Forsyth: Georgia Department of Public Safety.
Herman, Judith L., 1992. TRAUMA AND RECOVERY, New York: Basic
Books, Harper Collins Publishers.
Hopkins, Budd, Jacobs, David M. and Westrum, Ron, 1992. UNUSUAL
PERSONAL EXPERIENCES - AN ANALYSIS OF THE DATA FROM THREE MAJOR
SURVEYS CONDUCTED BY THE ROPER ORGANIZATION, Las Vegas: Bigelow
Kappas, John G., 1987. PROFESSIONAL HYPNOTISM MANUAL, Van Nuys:
Panorama Publishing Company.
Orne, Martin T., Dinges, David F. and Orne, Emily C., 1984.
"The Forensic Use of Hypnosis," NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE -
RESEARCH IN BRIEF, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice.
Reiser, Martin, 1980. HANDBOOK OF INVESTIGATIVE HYPNOSIS, Los
Angeles: Law Enforcement Hypnosis Institute Publishing Company.
Silverman, Phyllis R., 1980. MUTUAL HELP GROUPS: ORGANIZATION
AND DEVELOPMENT, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Copyright 1995 C. Leigh
Culver. All rights reserved.
| Return |